“this” keyword | JavaScript Interview Series

In global exception context, this and window object are by default created –

“this” keyword

"this" keyword refers to the object it belongs to
  • By default , this refers to the global object
  • Inside normal function , it refers to the global object
  • Inside arrow function, this refers to the global object
  • Inside object,
    – this refers to the parent object
    – normal function refers to the parent scope
    – arrow function refers to the global scope
  • and so on

Let’s understand “this” with an example

Global or Alone

console.log(this);

Inside Normal Function

Inside normal function - 
function demo1() {
  function demo2() {
    function demo3() {
      console.log(this);
    }
    demo3();
  }
  demo2();
}

demo1();

Inside Arrow Function

var name = "himanshu";

var demo2 = () => {
  var name = "shekhar";
  var demo3 = () => {
    console.log(this.name);
  };
  demo3();
};
demo2();

Inside Object


var name = "himanshu";

var obj = {
  name: "shekhar",
  roll: 46,
  sum1: function () {
    console.log(obj.roll);
    console.log("normal fun", this.name);
  },
  sum2: () => {
    console.log("arrow fun", this.name);
  },
};
// console.log(obj.sum());
obj.sum1();
obj.sum2();


Practice

Question 1 –

var a = 10;
console.log(this.a)

Question 2-

var name = "himanshu";
var roll = 50;

var obj = {
  name: "shekhar",
  roll: 46,
  sum1: function () {
    var roll = 48;
    
    console.log("normal fun", this.roll); 
  },
  sum2: () => {    
    console.log("arrow fun", this.roll); 
  },
};

obj.sum1();
obj.sum2();

Question 3 –

const object = {
  message: "Hello, World!",
  getMessage() {
    const message = "Hello, Earth!";
    return this.message;
  },
};
console.log(object.getMessage()); // What is logged?

Question 4 –

While setTimeout() function uses the object.logMessage as a callback, still, it inovkes object.logMessage as a regular function, rather than a method.

const object = {
  message: "Hello, World!",
  logMessage() {
    console.log(this.message); // What is logged?
  },
};
setTimeout(object.logMessage, 1000);


Question 5 –

const object = {
  who: 'World',
  greet() {
    return `Hello, ${this.who}!`;
  },
  farewell: () => {
    return `Goodbye, ${this.who}!`;
  }
};
console.log(object.greet());    // What is logged?
console.log(object.farewell()); // What is logged?
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