CRUD in React JS using Axios | Building an App using React CRUD

In this article, you will learn how to apply a basic CRUD operation in React JS.

What is CRUD

Crud stands for

  • Create
  • Read
  • Update
  • Delete

No application in the world can be made without using CRUD operation. Let’s say, you uploaded a picture on Facebook, well that is a Create operation. To see how many likes/comments you got, you refresh your feed and see your post is reflecting on your feeds . that is a Read Operation. Soon you realized your caption has a spelling mistake, so you edit and corrected it, that is noting but Update Operation. After a while, you removed the post because you thought life is more than social media ๐Ÿ˜œ , so you went ahead and deleted the post, that is Delete Operation.

Now that Mark Zuckerberg and you guys, both understood what is crud operation, let’s understand it more with a code.

About the application

We are going to build a simple application where user can

  • enter their name and email
  • view their name and email
  • edit and update their name and email
  • delete their name and email

We are going to build the above same application as shown in the image

Wach Video Instead

Let’s build now

Pre-requisite

Basic of HTML, CSS and Java Script
Familier with basics of ES6 feture
Basic of React JS like functional component ,props , states , React Router , useState() , useEffect() 

Note - Even you are not very sure of the above topic, you can read the article. I have tried to make it as simple as possible.

Tech stack, packages and other stuff used to build this application

REACT JS , AXIOS (NPM PACKAGE) , BOOTSTRAP , HTML, CSS.

Note - One more thing need to build the application is patience and curiosity(hope you guys have installed that already).

Let’s get the basic react project setup

npx create-react-app CrudProject

We would also need a few node packages for the project, so let’s install those dependencies now itself.

npm i axios
npm i react-router-dom

src/App.js

import "./App.css";


function App() {
  return (
    <div className="container">
      <h2>Welcome to CRUD operation</h2>
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

Also I have just imported the CSS CDN of bootstrap 5 to make the application simple

public/index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <link rel="icon" href="%PUBLIC_URL%/favicon.ico" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
    <meta name="theme-color" content="#000000" />
//bootstrap 5 css CDN added
    <link
      href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/bootstrap@5.2.0-beta1/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
      rel="stylesheet"
      integrity="sha384-0evHe/X+R7YkIZDRvuzKMRqM+OrBnVFBL6DOitfPri4tjfHxaWutUpFmBp4vmVor"
      crossorigin="anonymous"
    />

    <meta
      name="description"
      content="Web site created using create-react-app"
    />
    <link rel="apple-touch-icon" href="%PUBLIC_URL%/logo192.png" />
    
    <link rel="manifest" href="%PUBLIC_URL%/manifest.json" />
    <title>React App</title>
  </head>
  <body>
    <noscript>You need to enable JavaScript to run this app.</noscript>
    <div id="root"></div>
  
  </body>
</html>

Now that your boilerplate is ready , let’s perform our operations

Also since we are understanding the CRUD operation from the frontend side, I have used mockAPI as a backend server, so make the tutorial point-to-point and beginner-friendly

Create.js (CREATE Operation)
import axios from "axios";
import React, { useState } from "react";
import { useNavigate } from "react-router";
import { Link } from "react-router-dom";

const Create = () => {
  const [name, setName] = useState("");
  const [email, setEmail] = useState("");
  const history = useNavigate();

  const handleSubmit = (e) => {
    e.preventDefault();
    console.log("clciekd");
    axios
      .post("https://62a59821b9b74f766a3c09a4.mockapi.io/crud-youtube", {
        name: name,
        email: email,
      })
      .then(() => {
        history("/read");
      });
  };

  return (
    <>
      <div className="d-flex justify-content-between m-2">
        <h2>Create</h2>
        <Link to="/read">
          <button className="btn btn-primary">Show Data</button>
        </Link>
      </div>
      <form>
        <div className="mb-3">
          <label className="form-label">Name</label>
          <input
            type="text"
            className="form-control"
            onChange={(e) => setName(e.target.value)}
          />
        </div>

        <div className="mb-3">
          <label className="form-label">Email address</label>
          <input
            type="email"
            className="form-control"
            aria-describedby="emailHelp"
            onChange={(e) => setEmail(e.target.value)}
          />
        </div>

        <button
          type="submit"
          className="btn btn-primary"
          onClick={handleSubmit}
        >
          Submit
        </button>
      </form>
    </>
  );
};

export default Create;
Read.js (Read Operation & Delete Operation)
import React, { useState, useEffect } from "react";
import axios from "axios";
import { Link } from "react-router-dom";

const Read = () => {
  const [data, setData] = useState([]);
  const [tabledark, setTableDark] = useState("");

  function getData() {
    axios
      .get("https://62a59821b9b74f766a3c09a4.mockapi.io/crud-youtube")
      .then((res) => {
        setData(res.data);
      });
  }

  function handleDelete(id) {
    axios
      .delete(`https://62a59821b9b74f766a3c09a4.mockapi.io/crud-youtube/${id}`)
      .then(() => {
        getData();
      });
  }

  const setToLocalStorage = (id, name, email) => {
    localStorage.setItem("id", id);
    localStorage.setItem("name", name);
    localStorage.setItem("email", email);
  };

  useEffect(() => {
    getData();
  }, []);

  return (
    <>
      <div className="form-check form-switch">
        <input
          className="form-check-input"
          type="checkbox"
          onClick={() => {
            if (tabledark === "table-dark") setTableDark("");
            else setTableDark("table-dark");
          }}
        />
      </div>
      <div className="d-flex justify-content-between m-2">
        <h2>Read Operation</h2>
        <Link to="/">
          <button className="btn btn-secondary">Create</button>
        </Link>
      </div>
      <table className={`table ${tabledark}`}>
        <thead>
          <tr>
            <th scope="col">#</th>
            <th scope="col">Name</th>
            <th scope="col">Email</th>
            <th scope="col"></th>
            <th scope="col"></th>
          </tr>
        </thead>
        {data.map((eachData) => {
          return (
            <>
              <tbody>
                <tr>
                  <th scope="row">{eachData.id}</th>
                  <td>{eachData.name}</td>
                  <td>{eachData.email}</td>
                  <td>
                    <Link to="/update">
                      <button
                        className="btn-success"
                        onClick={() =>
                          setToLocalStorage(
                            eachData.id,
                            eachData.name,
                            eachData.email
                          )
                        }
                      >
                        Edit{" "}
                      </button>
                    </Link>
                  </td>
                  <td>
                    <button
                      className="btn-danger"
                      onClick={() => handleDelete(eachData.id)}
                    >
                      Delete
                    </button>
                  </td>
                </tr>
              </tbody>
            </>
          );
        })}
      </table>
    </>
  );
};

export default Read;
Update.js (Update Operation)
import axios from "axios";
import React, { useEffect, useState } from "react";

import { Link, useNavigate } from "react-router-dom";

const Update = () => {
  const [id, setId] = useState(0);
  const [name, setName] = useState("");
  const [email, setEmail] = useState("");

  const navigate = useNavigate();

  useEffect(() => {
    setId(localStorage.getItem("id"));
    setName(localStorage.getItem("name"));
    setEmail(localStorage.getItem("email"));
  }, []);

  const handleUpdate = (e) => {
    e.preventDefault();
    console.log("Id...", id);
    axios
      .put(`https://62a59821b9b74f766a3c09a4.mockapi.io/crud-youtube/${id}`, {
        name: name,
        email: email,
      })
      .then(() => {
        navigate("/read");
      });
  };

  return (
    <>
      <h2>Update</h2>
      <form>
        <div className="mb-3">
          <label className="form-label">Name</label>
          <input
            type="text"
            className="form-control"
            value={name}
            onChange={(e) => setName(e.target.value)}
          />
        </div>

        <div className="mb-3">
          <label className="form-label">Email address</label>
          <input
            type="email"
            className="form-control"
            value={email}
            onChange={(e) => setEmail(e.target.value)}
          />
        </div>

        <button
          type="submit"
          className="btn btn-primary mx-2"
          onClick={handleUpdate}
        >
          Update
        </button>
        <Link to="/read">
          <button className="btn btn-secondary mx-2"> Back </button>
        </Link>
      </form>
    </>
  );
};

export default Update;
App.js
import "./App.css";
import { BrowserRouter, Routes, Route } from "react-router-dom";
import Create from "./Components/Create";
import Read from "./Components/Read";
import Update from "./Components/Update";

function App() {
  return (
    <div className="container">
      <BrowserRouter>
        <Routes>
          <Route exact path="/" element={<Create />}></Route>
          <Route path="/read" element={<Read />}></Route>
          <Route path="/update" element={<Update />}></Route>
        </Routes>
      </BrowserRouter>
    </div>
  );
}

export default App;

Conclusion

In the above article , you have understood how to apply crud operation using react js . We have also seen how axios package can help in handling API .

Hope you guys like the article.

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Himanshu Shekhar

Hey. I am a software engineer with 3+ years. Along with my job, I create content regarding coding and software engineering in general. I would request you to follow my blog and my video, which will help you in your software engineering journey. Follow me on Youtube โ†’
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